Major American novelist, essayist, short-story writer and playwright. James (Arthur) Baldwin was born in Harlem, New York, in 1924 and died in St. Paul de Vence, France, in 1987. He attended Frederick Douglass Junior High School and DeWitt Clinton High School. In 1944, he moved to Greenwich Village where he began his first novel, "In my father's house." Author of more than 30 fiction and non-fiction books, Baldwins published several screenplays and plays which were produced in the United States and in foreign countries.
In 1954 James Baldwin won the Guggenheim Fellowship for the play, "The amen corner," first produced in Washington, D.C. at Howard University, 1955, later on Broadway at Ethel Barrymore Theatre, 1965. "Giovanni's room" (based on a novel of same title), was produced in New York City at Actors' Studio, 1957. In 1964 "Blues for Mister Charlie" was produced on Broadway at ANTA Theatre. In 1974 "A deed for the king of Spain" was produced in New York City at American Center for Stanislavski Theatre Art. His honors and awards include: Eugene F. Saxton fellowship, 1945; Rosenwald fellowship, 1948; Guggenheim fellowship, 1954; Partisan Review Fellowship, National Institute of Arts and Letters grant for literature, and National Institute of Arts and Letters Award, all in 1956; Ford Foundation grant, 1959; Foreign Drama Critics Award, 1964, for "Blues for Mr. Charlie"; American Book Award nomination, 1980, for "Just above my head; Commander of the Legion of Honor (France), 1986.