- Additional Authors
- Terry, Walter
- De Mille, Agnes
- Dunham, Katherine
- Oswald, Genevieve
- Hill, Martha, 1900-1995
- Tudor, Antony, 1909-1987
- Bales, William, 1910-1990
- Lloyd, Norman, 1909-1980
- Cohen, Selma Jeanne, 1920-2005.
- Primus, Pearl
- Solov, Zachary, 1923-
- Lewis, Mark B.
- Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.), sponsor.
- 6 sound discs (approximately four hours) : digital; 4 3/4 in.
- Audiotapes > Oswald, G
- Dance > Study and teaching
- Audiotapes > Lewis, M
- Performing arts sponsorship > United States
- Audiotapes > Lloyd, N
- Audiotapes > Primus, P
- Audiotapes > Dunham, K
- Audiotapes > Hill, M
- Audiotapes > Tudor, A
- Audiotapes > Bales, W
- United States > State Department > Cultural Presentations Program
- Audiotapes > Cohen, S
- Audiotapes > Solov, Z
- Audiotapes > De Mille, A
- Federal aid to dance > United States
- Exchange of persons programs > Subsidies
- Performing arts > Audiences
- Audiotapes > Matteo
- Dance > Economic aspects
- Audiotapes > Terry, W
- Dance > Subsidies
- Dance, a symposium sponsored by the Institute of International Education held on April 30, 1970, in New York City, with Walter Terry as moderator. Participants include: Martha Hill, Antony Tudor, Katherine Dunham, William Bales, Matteo, Genevieve Oswald, Norman Lloyd, Selma Jeanne Cohen, Pearl Primus, Zachary Solov, Mark B. Lewis, Director of the Cultural Presentations Office of the U.S. Department of State, and Agnes De Mille. Terry, as moderator, introduces speakers and asks questions. However, the overall format is informal, and it can be difficult to identify a given speaker. Accordingly, in the summary below, in general, only the principal speaker or speakers on any given topic are identified. The contents of the recording can be summarized overall as follows: emphasizing dance as a medium for cultural exchange, participants discuss ways of getting private and government subsidies for international exchange programs; the potential scope and various kinds of exchange programs; how to develop an audience, and the necessity for dancers to relate to the needs and desires of the community both in the United States and on foreign tours and exchange programs; the potential for dance scholarship and research in international exchange programs; dance education in high schools and colleges; past and current international exchange programs; and uses for films in international exchange programs.
- Sound quality is fair. The recording is marred by extraneous noise and there is some distortion in the speakers' voices. Also, due to the placing of the microphone, some of the speakers' voices are sometimes soft and not easy to understand.
- Title supplied by cataloger.
- Funding (note)
- The conservation and cataloging of this recording was made possible in part by the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature. The support of the National Endowment for the Arts is also gratefully acknowledged.
- Call Number
- *MGZTL 4-49
Dance : a symposium sponsored by the Institute of International Education, 1970.
- Type of Content
- Type of Medium
- Type of Carrier
Recorded for the New York Public Library 1970, April 30 New York (N.Y.)
Disc 1 (approximately 41 minutes). [Ambient noise]. Walter Terry, as moderator, introduces the focus of the symposium: dance as a medium for international cultural exchange, and speaks about past government-sponsored international exchange programs; Martha Hill (with a few interpolated comments from Antony Tudor) speaks about visits by foreign artists to the United States, in particular at the Juilliard School; and about using the interest in American Indian traditional dance and song to promote cultural exchange; Terry speaks about the presenting of American Indian dance to non-Indian audiences; Katherine Dunham speaks about various socio-economic aspects of dance, in particular in urban areas, and the importance of developing an audience [continues on disc 2].
Disc 2 (approximately 54 minutes). William (Bill) Bales speaks about government-subsidized arts education, including his own experience working with urban youth; arts education and audience development; Matteo speaks about his experience with international dance exchange programs; Genevieve (Gigi) Oswald speaks about international exchange in dance; Norman Lloyd speaks about the primary role of arts education; Terry comments on Katherine Dunham's prior remarks concerning the preparation dancers should have for participating in international exchange programs; Martha Hill, Antony Tudor, Bales, and others comment further on cultural exchange programs and audience development; Selma Jeanne Cohen and Bales speak about cultural exchange at the individual level; participants discuss scholarships; preparation of teachers; Pearl Primus speaks about dance education for school children in England and her plan to send teachers to England [continues on disc 3].
Disc 3 (approximately 38 minutes). In response to Martha Hill's questions, Pearl Primus speaks further about the dance education program in England; Zachary Solov speaks about working with the [National] Theatre of the Deaf; Selma Jeanne Cohen and Martha Hill each speaks about the use of film in international exchange programs; Mark B. Lewis speaks about the use of film (including television programs) of dance performances for educational and promotional purposes; other participants join in the discussion on the uses of film; participants discuss the use of live music in performance [session ends at approximately 36:00 minutes; remaining approximate two minutes of disc 3 is ambient noise].
Disc 4 (approximately 43 minutes). [Begins abruptly, with casual conversation.] Selma Jeanne Cohen speaks about amateur performers, regional dance, and cultural exchange; other participants discuss Cohen's remarks; participants discuss the status and certain economic aspects of modern dance; the relationship between the development of strong domestic dance programs and successful international exchanges; audiences for dance; Katherine Dunham speaks about the possible export of musicals to Europe; sending teachers and choreographers overseas; participants discuss copyright and choreography; William Bales speaks about the need for greater support of dance education at pre-college levels; Mark B. Lewis and Katherine Dunham speak about expanding the countries targeted for dance interchange beyond Western Europe; Dunham speaks about the delicacy required when exporting what she calls "technical expertise" to African countries [continues on disc 5].
Disc 5 (approximately 51 minutes). Katherine Dunham continues to speak about exporting what she calls "technical expertise" to African countries; at Walter Terry's request, Matteo speaks about presenting ethnic dances in the country of their origin; Antony Tudor and others discuss this topic; [Agnes de Mille arrives, and Terry attempts to summarize, very briefly, what has already been discussed]; De Mille names several United States artists who have had good experiences presenting their work overseas; Mark B. Lewis speaks about various aspects of and problems with obtaining public and private financing for cultural exchange programs; the participants, including De Mille in particular, discuss this topic with Lewis [gap due to request of participant that recording be halted]; De Mille and Lewis and other participants discuss the problems with presenting dances with erotic content in certain countries; Lewis and Terry discuss how to present more dance programs in Eastern Europe including the feasibility of artist-in-residence programs; the participants discuss possible private sources of funds [continues on disc 6].
Disc 6 (approximately 14 minutes). Mark B. Lewis, Katherine Dunham, and other participants continue to discuss sources for the funding of international dance exchange programs, both public and private; Walter Terry, Lewis, and others discuss following up on some of the issues and ideas raised at the symposium.
The conservation and cataloging of this recording was made possible in part by the New York State Council on the Arts with the support of Governor Andrew Cuomo and the New York State Legislature. The support of the National Endowment for the Arts is also gratefully acknowledged.
- Original Version
Original format: one sound reel (approximately four hours); 7 inches; 3.75 ips., mono; quarter-track originally recorded for the New York Public Library in New York City, on April 30, 1970; transferred to wav file and compact disc formats in 2013.
- Added Author
Terry, Walter, moderator.
De Mille, Agnes, speaker.
Dunham, Katherine, speaker.
Oswald, Genevieve, speaker.
Hill, Martha, 1900-1995, speaker.
Tudor, Antony, 1909-1987, speaker.
Bales, William, 1910-1990, speaker.
Lloyd, Norman, 1909-1980, speaker.
Cohen, Selma Jeanne, 1920-2005.
Primus, Pearl, speaker.
Solov, Zachary, 1923- speaker.
Lewis, Mark B., speaker.
Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.), sponsor.
- Research Call Number