Research Catalog

John Payne Civil War collection

Title
John Payne Civil War collection, 1858-1923.
Author
Payne, John.
Supplementary Content
Finding aid

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Vol/DateFormatAccessStatusCall NumberLocation
folder 1Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 199 folder 1Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives

Details

Additional Authors
Description
22 items (one folder)
Donor/Sponsor
Schomburg NEH Automated Access to Special Collections Project.
Subjects
Source (note)
  • Mount, Ellis
  • Mount, Ellis
Biography (note)
  • John Payne was a veteran of the Civil War and agent of the Freedmen's Bureau. Payne lived in Harrisburg, Indiana, before the Civil War and was raised as an orphan by his uncles Samuel and William Rees and by the family of William Thomas. Payne joined the Union army as a private in the 15th Regiment Iowa Infantry. Appointed second lieutenant to the 10th Regiment of Louisiana Volunteers of African Descent, he served as aide-de-camp to Brigadier General John Parker Hawkins of the 3rd Brigade, First Division, of U.S. Colored Troops. He took part in numerous military campaigns throughout the South, in Mississippi and Alabama, including the victorious Battle of Blakely which led to the evacuation of Mobile, Alabama, by the Confederate army. After the war, he worked as an agent of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands in Mississippi.
Processing Action (note)
  • Processed
Call Number
Sc MG 199
Author
Payne, John.
Title
John Payne Civil War collection, 1858-1923.
Summary
The John Payne Civil War collection consists of correspondence and military certificates documenting the Civil War service of John Payne, a volunteer of African descent who rose to the post of second lieutenant in the Union army and became an agent of the Freedmen's Bureau after the war. The collection includes letters exchanged between Payne and his uncles, Samuel and William Rees from 1862 to 1868, four military orders (1865), Payne's letter of appointment as second lieutenant in the Lousiana Volunteers of African Descent (1864) and a pension certificate (1923). Payne's letters provide substantive details on the participation of African Americans in the Civil War and their enfranchisement during the Reconstruction period. (15 originals and 7 duplicates).
Biography
John Payne was a veteran of the Civil War and agent of the Freedmen's Bureau. Payne lived in Harrisburg, Indiana, before the Civil War and was raised as an orphan by his uncles Samuel and William Rees and by the family of William Thomas. Payne joined the Union army as a private in the 15th Regiment Iowa Infantry. Appointed second lieutenant to the 10th Regiment of Louisiana Volunteers of African Descent, he served as aide-de-camp to Brigadier General John Parker Hawkins of the 3rd Brigade, First Division, of U.S. Colored Troops. He took part in numerous military campaigns throughout the South, in Mississippi and Alabama, including the victorious Battle of Blakely which led to the evacuation of Mobile, Alabama, by the Confederate army. After the war, he worked as an agent of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands in Mississippi.
Connect to:
Added Author
Payne, John.
Rees, William.
Rees, Samuel.
Thomas, William.
Added Title
Schomburg NEH Automated Access to Special Collections Project.
Research Call Number
Sc MG 199
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