Research Catalog

International Labor Defense photograph collection

Title
International Labor Defense photograph collection [graphic].
Author
International Labor Defense.
Publication
1926?-1946?

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Vol/DateFormatAccessStatusCall NumberLocation
box 1Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 1Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 2Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 2Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 3Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 3Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 4Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 4Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 5Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 5Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 6Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 6Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 7Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 7Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 8Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 8Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 9Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 9Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 10Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 10Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 11Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 11Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 12Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 12Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 13Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 13Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 14Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 14Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 15Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 15Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 16Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 16Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 17Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 17Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 18Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 18Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints
box 19Still imageUse in libraryAvailableSc Photo International Labor Defense Collection box 19Schomburg Center - Photographs & Prints

Details

Additional Authors
Found In
(CstRLIN) NYPW89-A117.
Description
  • 2281 items (4.3 cu. ft., 19 boxes); 20 x 26 cm.
  • 1 stat : b&w ;
  • 6 photonegatives : b&w ;
  • 1 photomechanical print : col. ;
  • 52 photomechanical prints : b&w ;
  • 2221 photoprints : silver gelatin, b&w ;
Donor/Sponsor
Schomburg NEH Automated Access to Special Collections Project.
Subjects
Genre/Form
  • Aerial photographs – 1930-1949.
  • Group portraits – 1920-1949.
  • Postcards – 1930-1949.
  • Portrait photographs – 1920-1949.
  • Photonegatives – 1920-1949.
  • Photomechanical prints – 1920-1949.
  • Silver gelatin photoprints – 1920-1949.
  • Photomechanical prints – Color – 1920-1949.
  • Stats – 1920-1949.
Note
  • Title devised by cataloger.
  • Many photographs bear photo agency's handstamp on verso. Many itmes bear printed captions attached to verso; some items bear captions printed on verso; some items bear handwritten captions on verso. Some items are duplicates; some items are cropped or bear cropping marks.
  • Collection contains work by Acme Newspictures, International News Photos, and the Office of War Information, among others.
Biography (note)
  • Established by the Communist party of the United States of America as its legal defense arm in 1925 to aid labor, political prisoners, and victims of reactionary violence. Using mass demonstrations and publicity, the International Labor Defense (ILD) conducted national and worldwide campaigns to gather support for its cases. In 1946 the ILD merged with the Civil Rights Congress.
Linking Entry (note)
  • Forms part of the International Labor Defense Records.
Call Number
Sc Photo International Labor Defense Collection
Author
International Labor Defense.
Title
International Labor Defense photograph collection [graphic].
Imprint
1926?-1946?
Summary
Photographs, many from news services such as International News Photos, collected by the International Labor Defense (ILD) documenting not only the labor and civil rights causes in which ILD was involved, but also examples worldwide of injustice and oppression occurring, with a few exceptions, during the 1920s through the mid 1940s. The largest section of the collection consists of labor pickets, demonstrations, riots, destruction, and confrontations with police and the National Guard during strikes in the U.S. and abroad. Among those included are the General Motors Corporation Sit-Down strike of 1936 and 1937, the Auto-Lite strike in Toledo, Ohio, the Minneapolis Truck Drivers's strike, the New York City taxi-cab strike, the New York City waiters walkout, the Chicago milk strike, various coal miners strikes, and textile industry strikes in Rhode Island, Massachusetts and North Carolina.
Images of other demonstrations and pickets include rent strikes, with views of evicted families on the street, relief and unemployment strikes, and most prominently, the Bonus Marchers during 1932 and 1933. Demonstrations, encampments, registration and food lines, and leader Walter Waters are among the views found in this collection.
Another large section of the collection covers activities of the U.S. National Guard, various American police forces and the armed forces. Among these photographs are images of guardsmen preparing for imminent strikes - setting up sandbag barricades, bringing in tanks during the San Francisco dyers and cleaners price war, frisking strikers, fighting with strikers, policemen making arrests, loading them into police vans, guarding mill entrances and strikers injured by police violence.
Visual documentation of foreign labor strikes and demonstrations as well as a wide range of other historical events are also included. Views of Hungarian refugees, Italian troops in Ethiopia, rioting in Palestine, the Spanish Civil War, fascist rallies in Italy and Germany, a Romanian royal wedding, crowds in South Africa, Belfast rioting and Chinese evacuees are just some examples.
Smaller groupings of photographs include Communists demonstrations, legal cases, such as the Scottsboro Trial that contain portraits of the defense team, the defendants, their mothers, courtroom scenes, the 1931 Scottsboro parade in Harlem, union and labor leaders as well as politicians (U.S. and foreign), and lynching scenes.
Linking Entry
Forms part of the International Labor Defense Records.
Biography
Established by the Communist party of the United States of America as its legal defense arm in 1925 to aid labor, political prisoners, and victims of reactionary violence. Using mass demonstrations and publicity, the International Labor Defense (ILD) conducted national and worldwide campaigns to gather support for its cases. In 1946 the ILD merged with the Civil Rights Congress.
Local Note
SC MG 8.
Connect to:
Added Author
Acme Newspictures (New York, N.Y.)
International News Photos (New York, N.Y.)
United States. Office of War Information.
Added Title
Schomburg NEH Automated Access to Special Collections Project.
Found In:
(CstRLIN) NYPW89-A117.
Research Call Number
Sc Photo International Labor Defense Collection
View in Legacy Catalog