Richard B. Moore papers,

Title
Richard B. Moore papers, 1902-1978.
Author
Moore, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin)
Supplementary Content
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Box 1Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 1Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 2Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 2Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 3Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 3Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 4Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 4Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 5Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 5Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 6Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 6Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 7Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 7Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 8Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 8Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 9Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 9Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 10Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 10Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 11Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 11Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 12Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 12Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 13Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 13Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 14Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 14Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 15Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 15Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives
Box 16Mixed materialUse in libraryAvailableSc MG 397 Box 16Schomburg Center - Manuscripts & Archives

Details

Additional Authors
Description
5.5 lin. ft.
Source (note)
  • Turner, Joyce Moore
  • Turner, Joyce Moore
  • Joyce Moore Turner
Biography (note)
  • Born in Barbados in 1893, Richard Benjamin Moore was a civil rights advocate, communist leader and intellectual, a bibliophile and a champion of Caribbean and African self-determination, who migrated to the United States in 1909 and played an influential role in social and political circles in Harlem for more than fifty years.
Indexes/Finding Aids (note)
  • Finding aid available in repository.
Publications (note)
  • Selected writings published in: Richard B. Moore, Caribbean Militant in Harlem; edited by W. Burghardt Turner and Joyce Moore Turner. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.
Processing Action (note)
  • Processed
  • Processed
  • Cataloged
  • Processed
  • Cataloging and container list updated
Call Number
Sc MG 397
Author
Moore, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin)
Title
Richard B. Moore papers, 1902-1978.
Summary
The Richard B. Moore Papers document Moore's activities as a communist organizer in the 1930s, his publishing efforts and advocacy for Caribbean independence and federation in the 1940s and 1950s, and his activities as a Pan-Africanist intellectual, lecturer and book distributor in the 1960s and 1970s. Pathway Press, the International Labor Defense (ILD), Frederick Douglass Book Centre and the Afroamerican Institute are well represented in the collection. The ILD files document Moore's public speaking and organizing efforts during the Scottsboro trial, and include a handwritten letter from Daisy Bates, one of the two women allegedly raped who later joined in the legal defense of the accused. The files for Pathway Press and the Frederick Douglass Book Centre relate mainly to Moore's financial difficulties as an independent publisher and book distributor. Correspondents in the Barbados series include his long time friend Reginald Pierrepointe, Bishop Reginald Barrow of the African Orthodox Church in New York, and Barbados Prime-Minister Errol Barrow. Moore's campaigns for Caribbean federation and independence, his support work during the 1937 sit-down strike in Trinidad, and his participation in Barbados politics before and after independence, are sketchily documented throughout the collection. Writings, both published and unpublished, date from the last twenty years of his life and consist of speeches, articles and essays, and some handwritten notes.
The files of the West Indies National Council document Moore's campaign, as official representative of that organization at the 1945 United Nations Conference on Independent Organizations in San Farancisco, in favor of self-government for the non-independent territories of the Caribbean. Additional information on the U.N. Conference can be found in the printed matter series.
Biography
Born in Barbados in 1893, Richard Benjamin Moore was a civil rights advocate, communist leader and intellectual, a bibliophile and a champion of Caribbean and African self-determination, who migrated to the United States in 1909 and played an influential role in social and political circles in Harlem for more than fifty years.
Moore's early organizing efforts included a 1915 unsuccessful import-export venture known as the Harlem Pioneer Cooperative Society, a printing shop and the Harlem Tenants League, which lobbied the New York State Legislature for rent control and better housing conditions in Harlem. His lasting contributions, however, were his leadership role in the African Blood Brotherhood organization in the early 1920s, and in the International Legal Defense which spearheaded the legal defense of the "Scottsboro Boys."
An outspoken Pan-Africanist intellectual, Moore addressed international congresses on Africa in the 1920s, drafted resolutions calling for an end to colonial rule and helped organize mass protests and relief efforts during the Italian occupation of Ethiopia in the 1930s. He played a leading role in several Caribbean advocacy groups in the United States, including the West Indies Defense Committee and the West Indies National Emergency Committee. He circulated an appeal for self-determination of Caribbean and colonial peoples at the founding of the United Nations in 1945, and led a delegation of Caribbean Americans in petitioning the British government on the subject of West Indian federation and self-government.
Moore was also an author, lecturer and political analyst. He published a memorial edition of "The Life and Times of Frederick Douglass" in 1941. He operated the Frederick Douglas Book Centre in Harlem for nearly thirty years and was the founder of the Afroamerican Institute. An acknowledged bibliophile, his collection of more than 15,000 books and publications relating to Africa and the black world is now housed at the library of the University of the West Indies in Barbados. Moore pioneered efforts in the 1960s to replace the name "Negro" with the term "Afro-American." He also wrote and published a pamphlet in defense of the Carib Indians, and helped revive T. Albert Marryshow's work, "Cycles of Civilization." Richard B. Moore died in 1978.
Indexes
Finding aid available in repository.
Publications
Selected writings published in: Richard B. Moore, Caribbean Militant in Harlem; edited by W. Burghardt Turner and Joyce Moore Turner. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.
Connect to:
Added Author
Moore, Richard B. (Richard Benjamin)
Pierrepointe, Reginald.
Barrow, Reginald.
Barrow, Errol Walton, 1920-1987.
Research Call Number
Sc MG 397
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