I.P. Guide: Patents and Trademarks at NYPL
Patent and Trademark Services at NYPL
The New York Public Library is a member of the United States Patent and Trademark Office's Patent and Trademark Resource Center program. As part of that program, we inform and educate members of the public about the use of Patent and Trademark materials and resources (primarily those found on the Internet), and provide access to many of those resources at our Science, Industry and Business Library location. We offer classes and other presentations about Patents and Trademarks, as well as individual consultations about researching Patents and Trademarks. For more information about our services and resources, or to make arrangements to talk to or meet with one of our librarians about Patent and Trademark research, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
We offer the following two public classes:
- Introduction to Patents: An overview of patent concepts, including in comparision with other types of intellectual property protection. Covers the requirements for obtaining a United States patent and searching by patent classification with the US Patent and Trademark Office's online search tools.
- Introduction to Trademarks: Learn about the methods for protecting your business' trademarks, including the benefits of registering with the US Patent and Trademark Office. Discusses conflicts that can arise with existing registered trademarks, and other circumstances where the USPTO will not grant registration. Includes a demonstration of basic searching on the USPTO trademark database.
These classes are each offered approximately once a month. For current information about these and other classes held at SIBL, visit our class list on the website.
Patents and Trademarks - "Backyard" Resources in the New York Area
Pro Bono Legal Services
- Volunteer Lawyers for the Arts - www.vlany.org
VLA Patent Program - Provides application drafting services for those innovators who believe they have a novel invention but have not yet filed for a patent. Those who have filed for provisional applications or have filed a non-provisional application but have not yet received an office action may be admitted on a case-by-case basis. Contact: The Art Law Line at 212-319-2787 ext. 1 or email email@example.com.
- Brooklyn Law Incubator & Policy (“BLIP”) Clinic - www.blipclinic.org/
BLIP helps clients with incorporation, intellectual property protection, structuring licensing agreements, web documentation, and has also provided litigation support and general legal advice, while training a new generation of lawyers who are well-versed across the spectrum of skills needed to represent emerging tech, Internet, communications, and new media companies. BLIP accepts clients who require creative legal representation and arguably advance the Internet or digital economy, and for whom expensive legal services would act as a barrier to entry in their respective industries. Contact information: www.blipclinic.org/contact/
- Fordham University School of Law - Samuelson-Glushko Intellectual Property and Information Law Clinic
Through the IP and Information Law Clinic legal services are provided free of charge to those who meet certain income requirements and fall within the clinic's goal of serving the public interest. The goal of the clinic is not only to provide legal services to people and organizations with limited resources, but also to find solutions to difficult issues that will make an impact on the legal world. This clinic can help clients with copyright, trademark, patent, trade secret, information law and privacy issues. Contact by e-mail: IPILClinic@lsls.fordham.edu or call (212) 636-6934.
- New York Law School Patent Clinic
The PTO Patent Clinic provides patent prosecution services to underserved individuals and entities allowing them to assess the value of their inventions and the potential of obtaining patent protection. Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org
Inventors Groups and Meetups
- Inventors Association of Manhattan - www.meetup.com/manhattan-inventors/
"Got an invention and want to learn how to license or launch it? Are you an entrepreneur or small business with intellectual property worth protecting? Want to better understand patent and patent rights? Learn business strategy from other innovators? The Inventors Association of Manhattan is for you. Every 2nd Monday of the month, we feature an expert guest speaker, lively discussion among inventors. We foster professionalism, trust and support."
- Inventors & Entrepreneurs Club of Nassau County, NY - www.meetup.com/ienassau/
"Fostering an environment of job creation and innovation, the Inventors and Entrepreneurs Club of Nassau County provides a network for local inventors and entrepreneurs to collaborate, learn from experts, and avail themselves of County resources. We feature an expert guest speaker, lively discussion among inventors and time for networking! Learn about patenting, prototyping, new product and industrial design, licensing, investing, marketing and sales, manufacturing and so much more!" For more information, contact Nick Terzulli, Director of Business Development, Nassau County Industrial Development Agency at (516) 571-0255 or NTerzulli@NassauIDA.org
- Inventors & Entrepreneurs Club of Suffolk County - www.meetup.com/iesuffolk/
"The Inventors & Entrepreneurs Club of Suffolk County meets once a month in the Media Room of the H. Lee Dennison Building at 100 Veterans Memorial Highway in Hauppauge, New York and admission and membership is Free. We feature an expert guest speaker, lively discussion among inventors and time for networking! Learn about patenting, prototyping, new product and industrial design, licensing, investing, marketing and sales, manufacturing and so much more! Our group was made possible with the strong support of Suffolk County and the Economic Development Division."
Patents and Trademarks - United States Patent and Trademark Office
United States Patent and Trademark Office The USPTO's web page offers excellent information on all aspects of patents and trademarks, including patent and trademark searching, fee schedules, online versions of their most popular brochures, forms, and background information on patents and trademarks.
Patent and Trademark Resource Centers - Libraries throughout the country, including NYPL (currently at SIBL), which in partnership with the USPTO provide access to U.S. patent and trademark resources, training and assistance, to the public. Formerly known as the Patent and Tradermark Library system, NYPL has participated in this Congress-created program since 1870.
Patent and Trademark Resource Center Association - An organization of PTRC Libraries, Librarians and other information professionals established in 1983. It's objectives are “to discover the interests, needs, opinions, and goals of the PTRCs, to advise the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) in these matters for the benefit of PTRCs and their users, and to assist the USPTO in planning and implementing appropriate services.” Its website includes many helpful patent and trademark research tools, including links to online resources and historical patent and trademark databases.
Guides to NYPL's Patent Resources:
Searching U.S. Trademark Registrations
Trademark Electronic Search System (TESS) - The free online search tool available from the USPTO website. Search words, phrases and designs.
Design Search Code Manual - This online manual allows users to translate a logo, drawing, or graphic into design codes that can then be used to search for other trademarks with similar or identical designs in them.
Trademark Official Gazette (TMOG) - This weekly online publication presents all trademarks as they are "Published for Opposition" including all bibliographic information about each trademark -- serial number, mark, owner name(s), international class of goods and services -- as well as a black and white image of the trademark. The Official Gazette also lists those trademarks that have been registered that week and gives notices concerning regulations and expirations. Received by the library in paper through February 22, 2005 (call numbers: *VAB (United States. Patent Office. Official gazette) [1872-1975], *VAB (United States. Patent Office. Official gazette) [1976-1995] and *R-SIBL T223.A [1996-February 22, 2005])
The Official Gazette from 1872 - 1971 is available digitally from the Hathi Trust website.
Trademark Status and Document Retrieval (TSDR) - Find additional information about live and dead registrations. Note: the US Serial or Registration number for a mark is required to search this database.
Other Resources for Searching for Trademarks
Not all trademarks are registered with the USPTO. Some trademarks are registered with the state where the trademark is being used. Others are not registered at all.
State Trademark Registrations
State Trademark Registration Links (from USPTO)
For New York, contact the Miscellaneous Records Unit of the Department of State’s Division of Corporations which can do a search for you; the telephone number is 518-474-4770.
Resources for Searching Unregistered Marks
Brands and Their Companies
Companies and Their Brands
These titles link brand names with their companies and company addresses. They can be accessed through NYPL's databases Gale Directory Library and Business Insights: Essentials. Both resources are available outside the library with a library card.
Advertising Red Books This set of books lists advertisers (i.e. companies who advertise) and their advertising agencies. The index volume includes a Tradename Index and is an excellent source of trademarks that lists both the owner of the trademark and the advertising agency that handles the account. This sources is good for both US and foreign trademarks. Also available as:
Advertising Red Books Online (EIC) This electronic version of the Standard Directory of Advertisers allows you to search by product name. It retrieves both the owner of the trademark and the advertising agency that handles the account. It is good for both US and foreign trademarks.
Other resources for searching for trademarks: Use your favorite search engine (e.g., Google). Use catalogs and directories specific to the industry or product line you are interested in. These types of sources may include products whose trademarks are not registered with the USPTO, but with a state trademark office or a foreign government.
Trademarks: Other Resources
Books, Handbooks, and other Print Resources
Books you can borrow:
Trademark: Legal Care for Your Business and Product Name, by Stephen Elias (see our blog post discussing this book)
A Trademark Guide for Entrepreneurs, by Robert E. Lee : 346.7304 L
Reference books (Request from the B. Altman Delivery Desk):
Defending Your Brand Against Imitation: Consumer Behavior, Marketing Strategies, and Legal Issues, by Judith Lynne Zaichkowsky : JBD 95-421
A Practical Guide to Copyrights and Trademarks, by Frank H. Andorka : JBD 99-1145
How to Get Your Own Trademark, by Ted Nicholas : JBF 99-1388
Trademark: How to Name a Business & Product, by Kate McGrath : JBF 98-458
Historical Trademark Indexes (in paper format):
The Directory of U.S. Trademarks : JBM 02-437 -- This multi-volume set indexes registered US trademarks alphabetically by each word in the mark, and by the international class of goods and services. No images are included. The 1999 edition is the last one available, and indexes trademarks through 1998.
The Trademark Index of US Patents & Trademark Office Federal Records : JBM 97-59 -- This publication lists all the registered trademarks that include particular words. It does not included trademarks that consist of a design only. The 1998 edition is the last one available.
Index of US Trademarks:
Index of Trademarks Issued from the United States Patent and Trademark Office -- 1974-1998 : JSM 97-150 (Also available in GPO Microfiche)
Index of Trademarks Issued from the United States Patent Office -- 1927-1973 : *VCC (U.S. Patent Office. Index of trade-marks issued from the United States Patent Office) and JSM 97-134
This annual publication of the US Patent and Trademark Office lists all of the registered trademarks current for the year of publication.
Trademark Manual of Examining Procedure (TMEP) : This official manual is produced by the US Patent and Trademark Office and details all of the procedures used by trademark examiners when dealing with trademark applications. It is a good source for precise requirements of the trademark application process. Past editions (from the 4th) are available on the USPTO website. Paper versions of earlier editions may be available at NYPL.
Trademark Trial and Appeal Board Manual of Procedure (TBMP) : This manual provides applicants with basic information useful for litigating cases before the Trademark Trial and Appeal Board.
Acceptable Identification of Goods and Services Manual (ID Manual) : The ID Manual lists identifications of goods and services and their respective classifications that the USPTO examining attorneys will accept without further inquiry if the specimens of record support the identification and classification.
Trademark Practice Throughout the World, by Mary M. Squyres : *R-SIBL K1555.4 .S69 (Open Shelf at SIBL)
Trademark Law: A Practitioner's Guide, by Siegrun D. Kane : *R-SIBL KF3180.K362a (Open Shelf at SIBL)
Guide to Registering Trademarks, by Steven H. Bazerman : *R-SIBL KF3181 .B39 (Open Shelf at SIBL)
Likelihood Of Confusion In Trademark Law, by Richard L. Kirkpatrick : JBF 02-61 (Request from B. Altman Delivery Desk)
International and Foreign Trademarks
SIBL has a large collection of historical foreign and international trademarks and trademark gazettes. Those in gazette, i.e., abstract of the trademark registration, are primarily available on paper. Due to the fragile condition of some of the older paper copies, an archival photocopy may need to be made of these sources before photocopying is permitted by the public.
Revised and Updated, 4-2014 KJ