Schomburg Research Guide: Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)
by Alexsandra Mitchell, Reference Librarian and Archivist, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division, Schomburg Center for Research in Black CultureNovember 10, 2016
"I have been for a visit to Mr. Schomburg's library. It is a marvelous collection when one considers that every volume on his extensive shelves is either by a Negro or about a Negro."
—Zora Neale Hurston, "Mr. Schomburg's Library", (1922) African Fundamentalism: A Literary and Cultural Anthology of Garvey's Harlem Renaissance (1991)
The Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture has a long standing history of and commitment to preserving and making accessible materials related to the the Black experience throughout the African Diaspora. We are continuing this commitment with the creation of research guides on various subjects related to our collection holdings.
This guide is an overview of materials held across our five divisions here at the Schomburg Center related to publisher, entrepreneur, orator, and early Pan-African leader Marcus Mosiah Garvey (1887-1940) and the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). Marcus Garvey immigrated to the United States from Jamaica in 1916, and created the Harlem branch of the UNIA, originally created in Jamaica in 1914, shortly thereafter. Garvey formed the Harlem branch of his UNIA, a benevolent fraternal organization founded on the principles of economic self sufficiency, racial pride and uplift, as well as an independent Black nation in Africa to escape the pressures and realities of racial oppression and colonial domination.
Please review the materials listed, and contact the specific divisions listed for more information regarding access to the materials.
Note: this list is not all inclusive. Please view our catalog and/or Archives Portal to find additional materials related to Marcus Garvey and the Universal Negro Improvement Association.
"The Marcus Garvey Papers is an internationally acclaimed project compiling volumes of letters, speeches, pamphlets, and other documents penned by the noted Pan Africanist, Marcus Garvey, throughout the history of his movement." from UCLA publisher.