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Life at the library: New York Public Library’s live-in superintendents


People reading in the window seats, Main Children's room, 1914., Digital ID 115812, New York Public LibraryIn the 1930 census, John H. Fedeler was living at 476 Fifth Avenue in midtown. Believe it or not midtown was once lined with brownstones. However, Fedeler's home address was not for a residential building, but for a library. Mr. Fedeler lived and worked in New York Public Library on Fifth Avenue and 42nd Street from 1910 to 1940 as the library's live-in superintendent and engineer.

Fedeler's passport photograph from 1922Fedeler's passport photograph from 1922

How did John Fedeler end up as the superintendent at the main building of the New York Public Library? It certainly wasn’t a direct path. His personal history is full of unexpected turns. You can read about this journey from the Bowery to the New York Public Library in Fedeler’s own words; he was interviewed by the New York Times after inventing an air purger which removed dust particles from the air. His son was also featured in the Times describing what life was like growing up in a library.

Researching Mr. Fedeler also brought to my attention the fact that many New York Public Library buildings had live-in supers. The New York Times featured an article last month about one woman’s experience of growing up in a library building and her father’s work there. This discovery led me to the natural question: do we have a list of these men and their families living in library buildings across Manhattan, the Bronx and Staten Island? After a little poking around, I found that there was no comprehensive list of live-in supers at the New York Public Library. I decided that was enough motivation to at least attempt one by searching the census.

Floor plan of superintendant's living quarters at Hamilton Fish Park LibraryFloor plan of superintendant's living quarters at Hamilton Fish Park Library

To compile the list, I decided to focus on Carnegie libraries which had living quarters for superintendents and their families. There are 39 Carnegie libraries in the New York Public Library system, many of which are still in use. (You can learn more about the Carnegie libraries of New York City in The architecture of literacy: the Carnegie libraries in New York City) Normally, I search the census by an individual’s name, using databases like Ancestry, Footnote and Heritage Quest. Without a list of names I would need to search the census by address.

The census is enumerated in large tracts called Assembly Districts or ADs which are further divided into smaller tracts called enumeration districts or EDs. These districts changed over time; as such, when searching the census by address you would need to know what enumeration district an address fell within at the time of the census. At the Milstein Division we have several maps which define ADs and EDs. There is also the Steve Morse Website for obtaining EDs for the 1900-1940 censuses. Knowing the ED would direct you to the section of the census which should have the address in question. The section may be fifty pages long and in very cramped handwriting so the process can be tedious. Here is the guide we use at the Milstein Division for searching the census by address.

I found several library superintendents this way, one of whom was Julius Eichenauer, who was superintendent of the Tremont Branch for thirty-six years and John Murphy of the Muhlenberg Branch who took this photograph of the Muhlenberg boys literary club.


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Live in- Superintendents

I worked at the Port Richmond branch from 1989 to 1991 and there was still a custodian living there, Rafael Reyes. He retired around that time, and was the last live-in custodian on Staten Island.

Wow, I had no idea that there

Wow, I had no idea that there were live-in custodians in the New York Public Library until the 1980's. I wonder if he was the last one.


Wow, this was really interesting. Thanks for sharing! Love the idea of kids growing up in a library.

Thanks! I'm glad you enjoyed

Thanks! I'm glad you enjoyed the post.

Great post!

I love that you included so many different resources--articles, databases, books, photographs and floorplans. This is a great illustration of using library resources to piece together a history!

Thank you!

Thanks! We're always happy when people visit with good stories to research.


I think there is a Richard Brautigan book about this profession, don't remember the name though.

My family lived in the

My family lived in the Morrisania Branch, where my father worked as a live-in custodian. Residing there was a wonderful as well as enchanting experience. We often think about the many warm memories we had there.

The Brautigan novel (a short

The Brautigan novel (a short story I think?) is The Abortion.

Live in superintendents

I worked at the 67th St Branch in 1997 and there was still a live in custodian at that branch.

Where is the list?

Hi! As a kid I used to play with the 96th street branch's custodian's kids and was wondering if you have the list of names available since I don't see a link in your article. Have you posted the results of you efforts online? Thank you for working on this!

NYPL-Webster Branch

My Grandfather was the custodian of the Webster Branch on York Ave. and 78th St. in Manhattan from the 40's until he retired in 1971. The last live-in stopped in 2006. I lived there all my life until we had to move when my Grandfather retired. The experience was beyond unique and special.

As a kid, I knew a girl who

As a kid, I knew a girl who lived in the 96th street library...She was an only child named Gina....she went to St. Francis De Sales on 97th street. Cant remember her last name.....

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