Searchable full-text and page images from The Chicago Defender archive.
Access Locations: Stephen A. Schwarzman Building, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, Dorothy and Lewis B. Cullman Center, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Science, Industry and Business Library (SIBL), All Branch Libraries, Outside the Library
Subjects: Historical Newspapers; U.S. Newspapers; Area and Cultural Studies; African American Studies
Notes: The Defender was the leading African American news publication before World War I, with more than half of its circulation outside of its home base in Chicago. It will allow researchers to study many significant events in American history that received only cursory attention from other newspapers. During World War I, it successfully urged African-Americans to leave the segregated South to work in the industrial North. It covered the Red Summer Riots of 1919, editorialized for anti-lynching legislation, and published Walter White and Langston Hughes, as well as early works of Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Gwendolyn Brooks. Also searchable through the Black Studies Center database.
Dates of Coverage: 1905-1975
Provider: ProQuest Information and Learning
Output Type: Print, Email, Download