Wilcox, Preston, 1923-2006.
Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division
Access to Princeton Summer Studies Program series requires a signed confidentiality agreement.
Personal and professional papers, writings, office files and printed matter documenting Preston Wilcox's dual career as an educator and community organizer. Included are biographical and autobiographical narratives; some correspondence and organization files; an extensive writings series; proposals, minutes, reports and other documents dating from 1958 to 1965 pertaining to the East Harlem Project, the East Harlem Summer Festival, and the Massive Economic Neighborhood Development (MEND); confidential files from the 1964 Princeton Summer Studies Program, the pilot project for the pre-college Upward Bound program; compilations of material on public schools,decentralization and community control; and Afram's surviving records. Some of the main themes explored in thewritings are: decentralization and parental decision-making, community organization and economic development, Black Power versus integration, social policy and white racism, empowering the poor, and black studies and black schools. The Afram files comprise the following subseries:Administrative, Publications, Parent Participation in Follow Through, Malcolm X Lovers Network and Vertical Files. The latter two categories are compilations of articles and other printed matter, with editorial notes byWilcox, on Malcolm X, and on selected topics and personalities, including education, community control, reparations, Harlem, Marcus Garvey, Martin Luther King, Jr., Kwame Toure (Stokely Carmichael) and Leonard Jeffries
From 1958 to 1964, Preston Wilcox worked as a tenant organizer and later as director of the East Harlem Project; as a program consultant to the East Harlem SummerFestival, a United Neighborhood Houses initiative designedto prevent juvenile delinquency; and as a consultant and catalyst for the Massive Economic Neighborhood Development(MEND), an anti-poverty program in East Harlem. He also participated as a social researcher in the Princeton University six week summer studies program for junior highschool students that led to the nationally-funded Upward Bound Program.
Known as "the father of school decentralization" in New York City, and "the leading theoretician of the community control movement," Wilcox was at the forefront of the campaigns at Intermediate School 201 in Harlem and later in the Ocean-Brownsville school district, for parent participation in curriculum development and in the hiring of school supervisors and teachers. A prolific writer, he authored in the period between 1963 and 1973 some 200 articles, position papers and essays on public education and community empowerment, published in professional journals and as chapters in books. He also taught courses in social work theory and community organization at Columbia University's School of Social Work between 1963 and 1968, and at Atlanta University, Medgar Evers College and other institutions of higher learning in the 1970s.
Wilcox founded Afram Associates in 1968 as a public service agency to provide technical assistance to community groups in the areas of education, economic development and consumer rights. Between 1970 and 1975, Afram operated a parent-implemented program in education, funded by the Follow Through Program Division of Compensatory Education of the U.S. Office of Education, ateight Afram-affiliated sites in Arkansas, Massachusetts, Illinois, Michigan, New York, New Jersey and the District of Columbia. Afram also operated a farm experiment, Afram Farm, in upstate New York, as a campsite and recreational center for urban-bound families and groups, and as a conference and rural educational research and study center. In later years, Afram evolved into a one-person alternative clearinghouse compiling and disseminating information relevant to the Black community. An admirer ofMalcolm X, Wilcox kept an informal network of Malcolm X followers and former associates: the Malcolm X Lovers Network.
Controlled Access Terms
- Wilcox, Preston, 1923-2006.
- Haskins, Kenneth, 1923-1994.
- Jeffries, Leonard.
- Carmichael, Stokely.
- X, Malcolm, 1925-1965.
- Ferguson, Herman Benjamin.
- Intermediate School 201 (New York, N.Y.)
- AFRAM Associates.
- Ocean Hill-Brownsville Demonstration School District (New York, N.Y.)
- Nihon Kokusai Kōryū Sentā.
- AFRAM Farm (Dundee, N.Y.)
- Princeton University. Princeton Summer Studies Program.
- Princeton University. Summer Institute.
- Malcolm X Lovers Network (Harlem, N.Y.)
- United Neighborhood Houses of New York.
- Massive Economic Neighborhood Development.
- East Harlem Project.
- East Harlem North Special Improvements Project.
- International Conference on Black Power (3rd : 1968 : Philadelphia)
- African American authors.
- African American social workers.
- Urban poor -- United States.
- Inner cities -- United States.
- African American educators.
- African American political activists.
- African Americans -- Relations with Japanese.
- Schools -- Decentralization -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Urban renewal -- New York (State) -- Harlem (New York)
- Community and school -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Segregation in education -- New York (State) -- New York.
- School children -- Transportation -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Community centers -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Community organization -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Human services -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Social service -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Social settlements -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Social group work -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Social work education.
- African Americans -- Reparations.
- Education -- Parent participation.
- School management and organization -- Parent participation -- New York (State) -- New York.
- School management and organization -- Parent participation -- United States.
- Community development consultants -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Community development, Urban -- New York (State) -- New York.
- Election monitoring -- Nigeria.
- Children with social disabilities -- Education.
- East Harlem (New York, N.Y.) -- Social conditions.
- Black author.
Additional Creator Names
- Innis, Roy, 1934-
- Windom, Alice, 1936-
- Wilcox, Preston. School community control as a social movement.
- AFRAM Associates.