Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962.
Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division
- 2 lin. ft. (5 archival boxes).
The William Stanley Braithwaite Papers consist of family and literary correspondence, writings and printed matter documenting his career as a writer, anthologist and educator. The Personal Papers comprise individual files onBraithwaite and his family, and include biographical and autobiographical sketches, school records, memorial tributes and obituaries, religious notations copied from the Bible and other scholarly texts, and memorabilia of his wife, children and relatives. The Correspondence series is divided into Family and General subseries and isarranged chronologically into incomimg and outgoing files.Correspondents include Arna Bontemps, W.E.B. DuBois, RufusClement, Carl Murphy, William Rose Benet, Burton Kline, Joseph Auslander, George Schuyler, Arthur Spingarn, Carl Van Vechten and several publishing concerns. The Alain Locke Memorial file consists of printed matter, eulogies and letters, and includes a March 28, 1912 letter from Booker T. Washington. The Writings series comprises holograph and typescript drafts of Braithwaite's works, both published and unpublished, and selected poems from his anthologies, and an extensive autobiographical essay in which he discusses his relationship with poets he championed: Robert Frost, Amy Lowell and Edwin Arlington Robinson (1956).
William Stanley Braithwaite was a self-educated African-American author, publisher, educator and anthologist. He worked as a literary critic for the Boston Evening Transcript from 1906 to 1931, and published two volumes ofpoetry, Lyrics of Love and Life (1904) and The House of Falling Leaves (1908), as well as occasional essays and verses in the Atlantic Monthly, Scribner's and the North American Review. Braithwaite was best known, however, for the annual anthologies he edited from 1913 to 1939 (19 volumes), his anthologies of British verse published in 1906, 1908, 1909 and 1919, his anthologies of Catholic andwartime verse, and his Anthology of Magazine Verses for 1958 compiled with Margaret Carpenter. His Selected Poems appeared in 1948, and a biography of the Bronte family (The Bewitched Parsonage) two years later. Braithwaite founded and headed a publishing firm, B.J. Brimmer, in the1920s, which published works by Lucius Beebe, Georgia Douglas Johnson and the early novels of James Gould Cozzens.
Braithwaite met Emma Kelly in 1902, while working in New Hampshire. They married the following year. Three daughters and four sons were born to this union: Fiona Lydia Rossetti (Mrs. Merrill Carter), Katherine Keats (Mrs. William Arnold), William Stanley Beaumont, Jr., Edith (Mrs. Carman Agard), Paul Ledoux, Arnold DeWolfe andFrancis Robinson. Braithwaite was awarded the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's ArthurB. Spingarn Award for outstanding achievement in the fieldof literature in 1918. He accepted a professorship in creative literature at Atlanta University in 1935, and remained in this post until his retirement in 1945. William Stanley Braithwaite died at his home in Harlem on June 8, 1962.
Controlled Access Terms
- Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962.
- Locke, Alain LeRoy, 1886-1954.
- Brown, William Wells, 1814?-1884.
- Douglass, Frederick, 1818-1895.
- Harper, Frances Ellen Watkins, 1825-1911.
- Robinson, Edwin Arlington, 1869-1935.
- Upson, Arthur, 1877-1908.
- Vane, Henry, Sir, 1612?-1662.
- Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915.
- Frost, Robert, 1874-1963.
- Lowell, Amy, 1874-1925.
- Atlanta University.
- African American poets.
- American literature -- African American authors -- Publishing -- United States.
- American literature -- African American authors -- History andcriticism.
- American literature -- 20th century.
- Authors and publishers -- United States.
- African Americans -- Intellectual life -- 20th century.
- Black author.
Additional Creator Names
- Auslander, Joseph, 1897-1965.
- Beebe, Lucius Morris, 1902-1966.
- Benét, William Rose, 1886-1950.
- Bontemps, Arna, 1902-1973.
- Carpenter, Margaret Haley.
- Clement, Rufus E., 1900-1967.
- Cozzens, James Gould, 1903-1978.
- Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963.
- Johnson, Georgia Douglas, d. 1966.
- Kline, Burton, 1877-1958.
- Locke, Alain LeRoy, 1886-1954.
- Murphy, Carl, 1889-1967.
- Schuyler, George S. (George Samuel), 1895-1977.
- Spingarn, Arthur B. (Arthur Barnett), 1878-1971.
- Van Vechten, Carl, 1880-1964.