Chesnokov, A. G. (Alexander Grigorʹevich), 1880-1941.
- 8.5 linear feet (10 boxes)
The Alexander Chesnokov papers consist primarily of published and unpublished vocal, piano and orchestral music scores. The collection also contains unpublished librettos and manuscripts in English, French and Russian, including manuscript drafts of his work, A Theory of Sound-Colour Synaesthetics.
Russian composer, Alexander Chesnokov (1880-1941), like his more famous brother, Pavel Chesnokov, specialized in church and choral music; ultimately, however, Alexander chose to emigrate after the 1917 revolution, which, by weakening the Russian Orthodox Church, had closed off one of his main sources of commissions. Chesnokov received his early musical training at the Moscow Synodal School. Having composed his first major work in 1899, he continuedhis musical studies at the St. Petersburg Conservatory, where he remained through 1906. A prolific choir composer,Chesnokov had been a rising star of church music, but following the revolution, he was forced to make ends meet by teaching or conducting state choirs and orchestras. In 1923 he emigrated to Prague, before settling in Paris withits large Russian émigré community. Chesnokov lectured in the Russian Conservatory and taught church singing in the St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute in Paris, but, hard pressed for money, he also arranged or wrote light music pieces, sometimes employing the pseudonyms, Al. Daleau or Al. Tchayss. Chesnokov worked on his own more serious compositions during his spare time, including the Requiem of the Mystery of Death, or, The Russian Requiem, which honored graduates of the St. Petersburg Conservatory. Very little of what he wrote during that difficult period has been preserved, but he did manage to send a copy of the completed Requiem to his brother in Moscow. That work received a posthumous performance in theRussian capitol during the 1990s. Alexander Chesnokov remained in France until his death and is buried near Paris.
Controlled Access Terms
- Chesnokov, A. G. (Alexander Grigorʹevich), 1880-1941.
- Choral music -- Russia.
- Church music -- Russia.
- Orchestra music -- Russia.
- Composers -- Russia.